The Toronto Centre for Active Transportation (TCAT) worked with the University of Toronto to do a baseline analysis (pre-bike lane) in 2015, a post installation assessment in 2016, and another in 2017. They also established a control group on Danforth Avenue, which has no bike lanes, to account for other influences not attributable to dividing up the street for cars and bikes. According to Joe Cressy (Ward 20, Trinity-Spadina), no one has ever implemented a more comprehensive study of a bike lane in North America.
The two major issues for merchants were the availability of parking spots and sales.
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